Hungary stems migrant flow, but issue remains big in EU vote

In this March 15, 2018 photo, a supporter of Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban holds a flag outside the Hungarian Parliament building in Budapest, Hungary, during celebrations of the Hungarian national holiday, the 170th anniversary of the outbreak of the 1848 revolution and war of independence against the Habsburgs. With a campaign centered on stopping immigration, Hungary’s ruling Fidesz party is expected to continue its dominance in the European Parliament election at the end of May. While Hungary has been practically closed to immigrants from the Middle East, Asia and Africa since Prime Minister Viktor Orban had border fences built in 2015, he continues to warn voters about the threat of a “migrant invasion” that would put at risk Europe’s Christian culture. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
A Hungarian ranger stands next to a vehicle at Hungary's border with Serbia near the village Asotthalom, Hungary, Monday, April 8, 2019. With a campaign centered on stopping immigration, Hungary’s ruling Fidesz party is expected to continue its dominance in the European Parliament election at the end of May. While Hungary has been practically closed to immigrants from the Middle East, Asia and Africa since Prime Minister Viktor Orban had border fences built in 2015, he continues to warn voters about the threat of a “migrant invasion” that would put at risk Europe’s Christian culture. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
In this photo taken Monday, April 8, 2019, a sign reading: "State Border" is attached to a fence at Hungary's border with Serbia near the village Asotthalom, Hungary. With a campaign centered on stopping immigration, Hungary’s ruling Fidesz party is expected to continue its dominance in the European Parliament election at the end of May. While Hungary has been practically closed to immigrants from the Middle East, Asia and Africa since Prime Minister Viktor Orban had border fences built in 2015, he continues to warn voters about the threat of a “migrant invasion” that would put at risk Europe’s Christian culture. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
In this photo taken Monday, April 8, 2019, a road traffic warning sign reads: Except with a permit", at Hungary's border with Serbia near the village Asotthalom, Hungary. With a campaign centered on stopping immigration, Hungary’s ruling Fidesz party is expected to continue its dominance in the European Parliament election at the end of May. While Hungary has been practically closed to immigrants from the Middle East, Asia and Africa since Prime Minister Viktor Orban had border fences built in 2015, he continues to warn voters about the threat of a “migrant invasion” that would put at risk Europe’s Christian culture. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
In this photo taken Monday, April 8, 2019, Asotthalom's mayor Laszlo Toroczkai speaks in front of the fence at Hungary's border with Serbia near the village Asotthalom, Hungary. With a campaign centered on stopping immigration, Hungary’s ruling Fidesz party is expected to continue its dominance in the European Parliament election at the end of May. Torczkai, who is critical of government corruption and some of Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban's economic policies, still appreciates the border fence that Orban built to stop migrants from entering the country. Torczkai says: “On this we agree _ migration must be stopped.” (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
In this photo taken on Monday, April 8, 2019, a Hungarian rangers car travels along the fence at Hungary's border with Serbia near the village Asotthalom, Hungary. With a campaign centered on stopping immigration, Hungary’s ruling Fidesz party is expected to continue its dominance in the European Parliament election at the end of May. While Hungary has been practically closed to immigrants from the Middle East, Asia and Africa since Prime Minister Viktor Orban had border fences built in 2015, he continues to warn voters about the threat of a “migrant invasion” that would put at risk Europe’s Christian culture. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
FILE - In this Thursday, March 15, 2018, file photo, Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban sings along with performers wearing traditional outfits at the end of his speech outside the Hungarian Parliament building in Budapest, Hungary. With a campaign centered on stopping immigration, Hungary’s ruling Fidesz party is expected to continue its dominance in the European Parliament election at the end of May. While Hungary has been practically closed to immigrants from the Middle East, Asia and Africa since Prime Minister Viktor Orban had border fences built in 2015, he continues to warn voters about the threat of a “migrant invasion” that would put at risk Europe’s Christian culture. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic, File)
FILE - In this Thursday, March 15, 2018, file photo, people taking part in a march against Prime Minister Viktor Orban flash the lights of their mobile phones in Budapest, Hungary. With a campaign centered on stopping immigration, Hungary’s ruling Fidesz party is expected to continue its dominance in the European Parliament election at the end of May. While Hungary has been practically closed to immigrants from the Middle East, Asia and Africa since Prime Minister Viktor Orban had border fences built in 2015, he continues to warn voters about the threat of a “migrant invasion” that would put at risk Europe’s Christian culture. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic, File)
In this photo taken Monday, April 8, 2019, a woman rides a bicycle in the village of Asotthalom, Hungary. With a campaign centered on stopping immigration, Hungary’s ruling Fidesz party is expected to continue its dominance in the European Parliament election at the end of May. While Hungary has been practically closed to immigrants from the Middle East, Asia and Africa since Prime Minister Viktor Orban had border fences built in 2015, he continues to warn voters about the threat of a “migrant invasion” that would put at risk Europe’s Christian culture. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
In this photo taken Monday, April 8, 2019, a warning sign is attached to a fence at Hungary's border with Serbia near the village Asotthalom, Hungary. With a campaign centered on stopping immigration, Hungary’s ruling Fidesz party is expected to continue its dominance in the European Parliament election at the end of May. While Hungary has been practically closed to immigrants from the Middle East, Asia and Africa since Prime Minister Viktor Orban had border fences built in 2015, he continues to warn voters about the threat of a “migrant invasion” that would put at risk Europe’s Christian culture. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
FILE - In this Monday, April 9, 2018, file photo, a man hugs a woman by an anti-migration billboard from the Hungarian government vandalized with paint reading: "Orban", in Budapest, Hungary. With a campaign centered on stopping immigration, Hungary’s ruling Fidesz party is expected to continue its dominance in the European Parliament election at the end of May. While Hungary has been practically closed to immigrants from the Middle East, Asia and Africa since Prime Minister Viktor Orban had border fences built in 2015, he continues to warn voters about the threat of a “migrant invasion” that would put at risk Europe’s Christian culture. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic, File)
In this photo taken Monday, April 8, 2019, Asotthalom mayor Laszlo Toroczkai speaks during an interview with The Associated Press in the village Asotthalom, Hungary. With a campaign centered on stopping immigration, Hungary’s ruling Fidesz party is expected to continue its dominance in the European Parliament election at the end of May. Torczkai, who is critical of government corruption and some of Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban's economic policies, still appreciates the border fence that Orban built to stop migrants from entering the country. Torczkai says: “On this we agree _ migration must be stopped. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
FILE - In this Saturday, April 7, 2018, file photo, a man walks by an anti-migration billboard from the Hungarian government, on a street in Budapest, Hungary. With a campaign centered on stopping immigration, Hungary’s ruling Fidesz party is expected to continue its dominance in the European Parliament election at the end of May. While Hungary has been practically closed to immigrants from the Middle East, Asia and Africa since Prime Minister Viktor Orban had border fences built in 2015, he continues to warn voters about the threat of a “migrant invasion” that would put at risk Europe’s Christian culture. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic, File)

ASOTTHALOM, Hungary — Hundreds of migrants a day streamed through the Hungarian village of Asotthalom on their way to Western Europe in 2015. Today there are almost none. So one might think the political discourse has moved on.

Think again.

In this month's European Parliament election, no issue rings louder in Hungary than migration. Prime Minister Viktor Orban and his right-wing Fidesz party have campaigned almost exclusively on anti-immigration policies and it remains a hot topic in this formerly beleaguered village as well.

Asotthalom's mayor has left the nationalist Jobbik party to form a new movement with an even harder anti-migrant stance.

"Migrants still get through, but they are caught in Asotthalom," gloated Laszlo Toroczkai, the mayor who is also his party's leading candidate in the European election. "This region, which suffered terribly from massive, uncontrolled immigration, has absolutely recovered its security and tranquility."

Orban won a third term last year after a campaign that linked migration to rape and terrorism and warned that a mostly Muslim "migrant invasion" was putting Europe's "Christian culture" at risk.

His Fidesz party is using the same message in this month's European election and is expected to win as many as 14 of Hungary's 21 seats in the 751-seat European Parliament. No other Hungarian party is expected to get more than three seats in the May 26 vote.

Nowhere is the focus on migration more acute than in Asotthalom, a village of 4,000 that borders Serbia, a non-European Union nation.

In 2015, when nearly 1 million asylum-seekers and migrants moved through the region seeking better lives in Western Europe, Hungary built a razor-wire fence at the edge of Asotthalom's farms and fruit trees. Two years later, it added a second fence with cameras and heat and motion detectors.

From a peak of more than 9,000 migrants a day entering Hungary in September 2015, the country now catches about two dozen migrants a day.

Hundreds of students from around the country attend Asotthalom's forestry vocational high school and the village has a Sandor Rozsa museum, dedicated to a 19th-century outlaw celebrated as a Hungarian Robin Hood.

One Asotthalom resident, who harvests potatoes from her home vegetable patch, said she felt sorry for the migrants who used to walk past her house but complained about the garbage they left behind and how they climbed over the fence into the public swimming pool to cool off.

Anna, who like other villagers refused to give her last name, said even although she knew the migrants were only passing through "it was scary" to see so many people in desperate need walking past her house.

Toroczkai and more radical politicians left Jobbik last year to form the Our Homeland Movement. The group has brought back issues that Jobbik had mostly abandoned as it tried to distance itself from accusations of racism, like referring to petty crimes as "Gypsy crimes," or other racial slurs.

Our Homeland is critical of government corruption and wants to subsidize Hungarian companies instead of multinationals. On immigration, it hopes to push Orban's hard-line policies even further to the right, proposing to eliminate scholarships for thousands of foreign students, one of Orban's outreach programs.

"If Fidesz wants to protect European and Christian culture, then (these students) should not be allowed in either," Toroczkai said. "But on this we agree — migration must be stopped."

The fence, criticized at first as a "new Iron Curtain," stretches 175 kilometers (more than 100 miles) along the border with Serbia and parts of the border with Croatia. While other factors helped to stem the migrant surge through Hungary — especially a 2016 deal between the EU and Turkey that returns people arriving on Greek islands to Turkey — Orban has been unapologetic about its success.

"The people in Austria and Germany can sleep tight because the Hungarians will protect Europe's external borders here," Orban said when the fence was reinforced.

When hard-line Italian Interior Minister Matteo Salvini visited Hungary earlier this month, he immediately toured the southern border area with Orban, congratulating his government on its effectiveness in stopping illegal immigration.

Fidesz's EU election campaign includes the slogan "Let's stop immigration!"; calls for leaders who oppose immigration to lead major EU institutions; and demands measures guaranteeing that Christians won't suffer discrimination in Europe.

"The matter we will be voting on is an essential one — at stake is the existence of our Christian civilization," Orban said at the April launch of the Fidesz EU campaign.

Orban has used his opposition to migration to fuel other conservative policies, too. In February, he announced measures to boost Hungary's birthrate, offering a lifetime income tax exemption for mothers of at least four children.

While Western Europe is resorting to immigration to increase its population "we do not need numbers, but Hungarian children," Orban declared. "In our minds, immigration means surrender."

May's EU election could determine Orban's future in Europe for some time.

In March, the Fidesz party was suspended from the center-right bloc in the European Parliament, the European People's Party, because of long-standing concerns over democracy in Hungary. For his part, Orban wants the bloc, the biggest in the EU parliament, to forge closer ties with Salvini and other anti-immigration forces even further to the right.

It's not clear yet whether Fidesz stays with the EPP or shifts over to join Salvini's new populist, far-right bloc that has vowed to shake up the European Parliament and the EU.

"We will look for cooperation with Salvini in a spectacular, avowed and open manner," Orban said during his visit.

As long as Hungarians continued to respond to the migration issue, even when hardly any migrants come to Hungary, it will dominate Orban's message, said Gabor Gyori, a senior analyst at Policy Solutions, a political research institute in Budapest.

"Changes may come ... if migration is no longer effective in covering up potentially more important issues, like education, corruption and health care," Gyori said.

He noted that Orban's focus on migration had made him a role model for Europe's populist or far-right parties.

"Orban's biggest political success is tying his anti-democratic policies to migration, always suggesting that the two are inseparable," Gyori said. "In reality, there is no connection between the two."

He said Orban has convinced voters that "the external checks and balances limiting the government's power" have to be weakened or "otherwise, migration will come (back) to Hungary." He said Orban's reasoning was "very attractive to many politicians with authoritarian ambitions."

In Asotthalom, Janos, who lives on a farm with his partner Ilona, also complained about the migrants' litter but said he was moved by the sight of exhausted families walking across Europe from as far away as war-torn Afghanistan or Syria.

"What was spiritually draining was to see them in the winter, in the snow, with little children," the farmer said. "I don't blame them. Somewhere, this got really messed up."

___

Andras Nagy contributed to this report.

___

For more news from The Associated Press on the European Parliament elections go to https://www.apnews.com/EuropeanParliament

People also read these

The Latest: Pashinian claims needed 1/3 support...

May 2, 2018

The opposition lawmaker who has spearheaded mass protests in Armenia says all three opposition...

Pashinian: 'No vendetta' if he becomes Armenian...

May 7, 2018

The Armenian opposition who is nearly certain to become the country's prime minister says he will...

Armenia gets new leader, man who spearheaded the...

May 8, 2018

The man who spearheaded weeks of protests in Armenia was chosen to be the country's prime minister...

The Latest: Azerbaijan questions new Armenian...

May 8, 2018

Azerbaijan's Foreign Ministry is criticizing the new Armenian prime minister's statements about...

Rwandan woman chosen to head body for...

Oct 12, 2018

Rwanda's top diplomat Louise Mushikiwabo has been chosen to lead the International Organization of...

Sign up now!

About Us

24-7 Reporters publishes up-to-the-minute news 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Our certified reporters are among the most experienced, well-trained and talented across the globe, covering issues resonating progressives in every corner of the world.

Contact us: sales[at]24-7reporters.com